Statistics on Historically Working America – Zippia

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The working age population in the US is 214,779,134. 64.8% of the US population is of working age as defined by the OECD (15-64), and with a 2020 population of 331,449,281, we have about 214.8 million working years remaining.

A year Proportion of Working People (15-64) US citizens Working Age Population
1970 61.9% 203,211,926 125,788,182
1980 66.1% 226,545,805 149,746,777
1990 65.8% 248,709,873 163,651,096
2000 66.2% 281,421,906 186,301,301
2010 67.1% 308,745,538 207,168,256
2020 64.8% 331,449,281 214,779,134

The working-age population in America reached its highest point in 2006 and 2007, when 67.3% of the US population was of working age. As of 2020, 64.8% of Americans are between 15-64, which the OECD describes as the age that should be “working age.”

United States working population 1970-2020

What is the Prime Working Age Population in the US?

The working age population in the US is 128.58 million. The prime working age is defined as the age range of 25-54, and America has 128.58 million people who fall into this age group as of 2020.

working age population in the United States
There are 64.42 million working-age men and 64.16 million working-age women in the United States.

Questions for Working Age People

  1. Are people of working age the same as workers?

    No, the working age population is not the same as the working population. The labor force is the ratio of employed and unemployed people, while the working population is the number of people in the middle age group (15-64, according to the OECD definition).

    However, in order to calculate the number of working people, it is important to know the working years.

  2. How do you calculate the number of employees?

    To calculate the number of employees, divide the number of employees by the years of employment.

    For example, if the workforce consists of 7,000 people and the number of working years is 10,000, the employee participation rate is 70%.

  3. Which age groups are used the most?

    35-44 year olds are the most active. The participation rate for this age group in the US is 77% by 2020.

  4. Which age groups are least active?

    The 55 and over age group is the least active. The labor force participation rate among this age group in the US is 36.4% by 2020.

labor force participation rate by age

Working Age Population as % of US Population 1970-2020

A year Proportion of Working Age Population (15-64)
1970 61.9%
1971 62.3%
1972 62.8%
1973 63.3%
1974 63.9%
1975 64.3%
1976 64.8%
1977 65.3%
1978 65.7%
1979 66%
1980 66.1%
1981 66.2%
1982 66.3%
1983 66.3%
1984 66.3%
1985 66.4%
1986 66.5%
1987 66.4%
1988 66.2%
1989 66%
1990 65.8%
1991 65.6%
1992 65.5%
1993 65.4%
1994 65.4%
1995 65.4%
1996 65.5%
1997 65.7%
1998 65.9%
1999 66%
2000 66.2%
2001 66.4%
2002 66.6%
2003 66.7%
2004 66.9%
2005 67.1%
2006 67.3%
2007 67.3%
2008 67.2%
2009 67.2%
2010 67.1%
2011 67.1%
2012 66.8%
2013 66.6%
2014 66.3%
2015 66.1%
2016 65.9%
2017 65.6%
2018 65.4%
2019 65.1%
2020 64.8%

References

  1. US Census Bureau. “History of Population Change (1910-2020).” Accessed February 28, 2022.

  2. OECD. “People of working age.” Accessed February 28, 2022.

  3. Statistics. “United States population by sex and age.” Accessed February 28, 2022.